Squadron Royal Air Force
> Units and Formations
Updated: 1 Oct 13
Formed: 23 Sep 1917, Hingham
Reformed: Jan 1942
Disbanded :: 1959
Squadron was based at:
RAF Spitalgate :: 4 Feb 1922 - May 1924; Jul 1924 - Jun 1926; Aug 1926 - Jan 1928
RAF Bicester :: Jan 1928 -
Seletar :: Jan 1934 - Dec 1941
RAF Grimsby (RAF Waltham) :: 15 Dec 1942 - 1 Apr 1945
RAF Scampton :: 3 Dec 1945 - May 1946
RAF Lindholme :: May 1946
RAF Waddington :: 1951
RAF Wittering :: ? 1959 - 1968
RAF Wyton ::
RAF Finningley ::
RAF West Raynham :: 1972 - 1975
RAF Marham :: 1978 - 1980
RAF Leeming :: 1995 -
Squadron code: HW, FZ
FE2b :: Mar 1917 - ?Dec 1917
Handley Page :: ?Dec 1917 -
Bristol Fighter :: - 1922
Vimy :: 1922 - 1931
DH9A :: 1922 - 193
Hawker Horsley :: 1927 -
Vickers Vilderbeest :: 1931 - 1942
Lancaster Mk I, Mk III :: Jan 1942 -
Canberra B2 :: 1954 - 1959
u/i V bomber :: 1959 - 1968
Canberra :: 1972 - 1991
Hawk :: 1991 -
Formed at Hingham on 23 Feb 1917, 100 Sqn was the first RFC sqn to be formed specifically for night bombing. It operated modified FE2B two-seat pusher biplanes in France in operations against aerodromes, and rail infrastructure. By the end of the 1917, 100 Sqn, 55 Sqn and Naval 'A' Sqn were the nucleus of what developed into the Independent Force used for the strategic bombing of Germany.
After a post-war spell in Ireland the Sqn re-equipped with Vimy and DH9A in England. By 1930 it was undertaking torpedo-bombing and received Vildebeests in 1931. It moved to Singapore in 1933 staying there until it fell to the Japanese in WWII. 100 Squadron was almost wiped in combat with modern Japanese fighters, flying Vickers Vilderbeest biplanes from Malaya and Java.
The Sqn subsequently reformed as a Lancaster Squadron at Waltham on 15 Dec 1942. In Nov 1943, C Flt 100 Sqn formed the new 550 Sqn.
Post-war it was operating Lincoln over Malaya on Op FIREDOG in 1950 and Kenya against the Mau Mau in 1954. It returned to the UK to convert to the Canberra, specifically in support of British nuclear trials in the Pacific. It disbanded in 1959 to reform on V bombers at Wittering until 1968.
In 1972, 85 Sqn at RAF West Raynham split aircraft to re-form 100 Sqn, flying targetry and flight calibration roles, then specialising in electronic warfare training up to 1991. It moved with the Hawk from Wyton to Finningley to Leeming, arriving there in 1995 where it continues its aircrew training role.
RAF Grimsby/Waltham and 100 Sqn are commemorated in a memorial stone on the A16 next to the site of the base. See "A Brief History of the RAF in Lincolnshire" :: website. The relevant page is linked directly in the column to the right of this page.
On 5 Mar 1943, Lancaster Mk III ED-549 HW-S based at RAF Waltham crashed in the Vale of Belvoir, 1/4 mile from Plungar, near Langar airfield, where it was trying to land, with a loss of 6 crew :: read more.
There is also 100 Squadron Memorial in Holton-le-Clay village.
100 Sqn history on Hellzapoppin
100 Sqn history on RAF website
100 Sqn Memorial Stone
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