RAF-Lincolnshire.info - the home of Royal Air Force and airfield history in Lincolnshire, including allied and other air services.

  97 (Straits Settlements) Squadron Royal Air Force
Achieve your aim

Home
RAF Stations & Bases
Aircraft types
Forum and Bulletin Boards
Search site
Links
Books
Abbreviations
People Finder
About

Contact us

> Units and Formations

Flying Squadrons
5 Sqn
6 Sqn
8 Sqn
9 Sqn
10 Sqn
11 Sqn
12 Sqn
15 Sqn
18 Sqn
21 Sqn
22 Sqn
23 Sqn
25 Sqn
27 Sqn
29 Sqn
33 Sqn
35 Sqn
39 Sqn
41 Sqn
43 Sqn
44 Sqn
46 Sqn
49 Sqn
50 Sqn
51 Sqn
54 Sqn
56 Sqn
57 Sqn
61 Sqn
64 Sqn
65 Sqn
68 Sqn
69 Sqn
70 Sqn
71 Sqn
73 Sqn
75 Sqn
81 Sqn
83 Sqn
85 Sqn
88 Sqn
90 Sqn
92 Sqn
97 Sqn
100 Sqn
101 Sqn
103 Sqn
104 Sqn
106 Sqn
109 Sqn
110 Sqn
111 Sqn
112 Sqn
113 Sqn
116 Sqn
121 Sqn
133 Sqn
136 Sqn
139 Sqn
141 Sqn
142 Sqn
143 Sqn
144 Sqn
148 Sqn
149 Sqn
150 Sqn
151 Sqn
153 Sqn
154 Sqn
166 Sqn
170 Sqn
189 Sqn
198 Sqn
199 Sqn
203 Sqn
206 Sqn
207 Sqn
209 Sqn
210 Sqn
211 Sqn
214 Sqn
222 Sqn
227 Sqn
228 Sqn
229 Sqn
235 Sqn
236 Sqn
248 Sqn
249 Sqn
251 Sqn
253 Sqn
254 Sqn
255 Sqn
256 Sqn
264 Sqn
266 Sqn
280 Sqn
288 Sqn
300 Sqn
301 Sqn
302 Sqn
303 Sqn
305 Sqn
307 Sqn
309 Sqn
310 Sqn
349 Sqn
350 Sqn
401 Sqn
402 Sqn
404 Sqn
407 Sqn
409 Sqn
410 Sqn
411 Sqn
412 Sqn
415 Sqn
416 Sqn
420 Sqn
421 Sqn
430 Sqn
438 Sqn
439 Sqn
441 Sqn
442 Sqn
443 Sqn
452 Sqn
455 Sqn
460 Sqn
463 Sqn
467 Sqn
486 Sqn
503 Sqn
504 Sqn
527 Sqn
528 Sqn
532 Sqn
538 Sqn
542 Sqn
550 Sqn
576 Sqn
601 Sqn
609 Sqn
613 Sqn
616 Sqn
617 Sqn
619 Sqn
625 Sqn
626 Sqn
627 Sqn
630 Sqn

Heavy Conversion Units
1654 HCU
1656 HCU
1660 HCU
1661 HCU
1662 HCU
1665 HCU
1667 HCU
1668 HCU
21 HGCU

Advanced Flying Schools
201 AFS

Advanced Flying Units
12 AFU
15 AFU

Flying Training Schools
1 FTS
2 FTS
3 FTS
6 FTS
7 FTS
12 FTS
1 Lancaster Finishing School
Central Flying School

Operational Training/
Conversion Units
(Fighter)
6 OTU
53 OTU

56 OTU

(Bomber)
228 OCU
230 OCU

Air Armament Schools
1 AAS
2 AAS
Empire Central AS

Other schools
1 Gp Aircrew School
1 Ground Defence School
1 Air Observers School
Central Gunnery School
5 Gp Anti Air School

Other units
Bomber Command
Coastal Command
Fighter Command
HQ No 5 Group
HQ No 23 Group
1485 Gunnery Flight
2782 Defence Sqn
178 Support Unit
399 Signals Unit
Nationality based Sqns

Updated: 8 Sep 08

Formed: 1 Dec 1917, Waddington

Renumbered: 1 Apr 1920

Reformed: Sep 1935, Catfoss

Absorbed: Jun 1938 by Air Observers School

Merged: Apr 1940 with 166 Sqn and SHQ Abingdon to form 10 OTU

Reformed: May 1940, RAF Driffield

Disbanded: May 1940

Reformed (3rd): 25 Feb 1941

Disbanded: 31 Dec 1955

Reformed: 1 Dec 1959

Disbanded: 24 May 1963

Reformed: 25 May 1963 (renumbering of 151 Sqn)

Disbanded: 2 Jan 1967

Squadron was based at:

RAF Waddington :: 1 Dec 1917 - 1918; 25 Feb 1941 - 10 Mar 1941

Catfoss :: Sep 1935 -

RAF Driffield :: May 1940 - May 1940

RAF Coningsby :: 10 Mar 1941- 2 Mar 1942; 18 Apr 1944 -

RAF Woodhall Spa :: 2 Mar 1942 - 18 Apr 1943

RAF Bourn :: 18 Apr 1943 - 18 Apr 1944

RAF Hemswell :: 1 Dec 1959 - 24 May 1963

Squadron code: OF, ZT

Aircraft operated:

Handley Page 0/400 :: Dec 1917 - 1919

DH10 :: 1919 - 1 Apr 1920

Whitley :: May 1940

Manchester :: Feb 1941 -

Hampden :: Jul 1941 - Aug 1941

Lancaster Mk I, Mk III :: Jan 1942 - Jul 1946

Lincoln :: Jul 1946 - 31 Dec 1955

Canberra :: May 1963 - Jan 1967

Varsity :: May 1963 - Jan 1967

97 Sqn RFC formed at Waddington on 1 Dec 1917, taking its Handley Page 0/400 to France for night bombing with the Independent Force in 1918. It then passed to India to operate the first air mail services before renumbering on 1 Apr 1920.

Reformed in Sep 1935, it spend time in various training guises unto May 1940. On 25 Feb 1941 part of the 207 Sqn complement of Avro Manchester heavy bombers became the third reformation of 97 Sqn. It finally stayed with one role as a heavy bomber sqn in 5 Gp, moving to RAF Coningsby in Mar 1941. During July and August 1941 the Sqn was also equipped with the Hampden to supplement the Manchester which was suffering from poor reliability. Unserviceability of the Manchester led to it being known as the "97th Foot".

On 17 Apr 1942, 97 Sqn was to make its first major Lancaster-equipped attack when it participated on a rare 2 x 6-ship, tree-top height, daylight attack on the MAN diesel works in Augsburg with 44 Sqn. This is considered one of Bomber Command's milestone operations. In Jun/Jul 1942 it participated in the 1000 bomber raids on Cologne, Bremen and Essen.

In Apr 1943 it was transferred to 8 (Pathfinder Force) Group. In Jun, in the marker squadron role, it marked the Friedrichshafen Zeppelin works and Spezia naval base in Italy in the first shuttle bombing raid. It was transferred back to 5 Gp and Coningsby to lead the Group against its own targets.

97 Sqn reformed at RAF Hemswell on 1 Dec 1959 as 97 (SM) Sqn, manning 3 Thor IRBM launchers. They stayed until disbandment on 24 May 1963.

97 Sqn is commemorated at the Thorpe Camp Visitors' Centre - see the RAF Woodhall Spa memorials page

97 Sqn oral history

97 Sqn books

97 Sqn history on RAF site

97 Sqn website

97 Sqn Association

A navigator's story on 97 Sqn website

Aviation Heritage Lincolnshire
(Tourism)

Follow RAF Lincolnshire:
Visit RAF-Lincolnshire.info's facebook page. Like our page and stay up to date with our posts on facebook! Follow us on twitter and stay up to date with our frequent news items

Amazon.co.uk & Amazon.com

 

Google+

powered by blueconsultancy