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Formed: 1 Oct 1916
Disbanded: Jun 1919
15 Mar 1937 from B Flt, 215 Sqn
4 Apr 1940 absorbed into 15 OTU
handed over to RNZAF
RAF Mildenhall :: ?? - Nov 1942
RAF Newmarket :: Nov 1942 - Jun 1943
RAF Mepal :: Jun
1943 - ?Jul 1945
Spilsby :: 21 Jul 1945 - 15 Oct 1945
code: AA, JN
Stirling Mk I, Mk III :: Dec 1942 - Apr 1944
Lancaster Mk I, Mk III ::
Mar 1944 -
75 Sqn was never disbanded at the end of the war. This was the only
squadron that was actually handed over to the New Zealand Air Force
75 Sqn was known as 75 (New Zealand) Squadron because it had been
set up and paid for by the government of New Zealand or by the people
just as there were the City of Hamilton or City of Vancouver Squadrons
in the RCAF. Simply a way of giving credit to a place,
a company, a group or a person who sponsored a squadron on behalf
the RAF. However, the NZ Squadron had a heavy NZ contingent and history
so at the end of the war, it was turned over to the RNZAF to satisfy
their request, rather than being shut down as all other Squadrons
and many stations were at the war's end.
75 (HD) Sqn RFC was formed on 1st October 1916 as a home defence
Unit at Goldington, Bedford, moving on to Yelling (St.Neots), Old
Weston (Thrapston), Thorfield (Baldock), Elmswell, North Weald
Bassett, Colchester, Newmarket.
In its early incarnation it flew BE2c/d/e; BE12, b; Camel, 504K,
F2b, disbanding in Jun 1919. No Squadron badge issued or approved.
It reformed from B Flight of 215 Sqn at Driffield on 15th March
1937, as 75 (B) Sqn RAF.
Flew Harrow and Virginia.
Moved to Honington July 1938.
Assigned code letters FO and also used 75 as a code.
Became Group Pool training squadron 1st March 1939, with Ansons.
Moved to Stradishall 13 July 1939, re-equipping with Wellingtons.
Moved to Harwell September 1939, and Ansons transferred to 148 Sqn
in October 1939.
75 (B) SQN RAF absorbed into No.15 OTU, 4th April 1940 at Harwell
and ceased to exist.
No Squadron badge issued or approved.
NEW ZEALAND SQUADRON
In 1938 the New Zealand Government purchased 30 new Wellington bombers
from Vickers, to be flown to NZ to a new base being built called
Ohakea. A team of air and groundcrew were selected in NZ, and sent
to RAF Marham in early 1939 to train on the new Wellingtons. The
first six aircraft were due to leave England for NZ in early 1940.
They became known as and referred to in RAF Marham's, Harwell's and
Stradishall's base history as, The New Zealand Squadron. At the outbreak
of war, the NZ government 'gave' the men and aircraft to the RAF
in NZ's early contribution to the war effort. The NZ Squadron moved
from Marham to Harwell late in 1939, and then Harwell to Stradishall
on the 18th Jan 1940, and then to Feltwell by Feb 15th 1940. The
New Zealand Squadron trained and began operations in March. No Squadron
badge issued or approved.
Number plate of 75 RAF SQN assigned to The New Zealand Squadron on
the 4 April 1940, and became the first of the commonwealth bracket
75 (NZ) SQN RAF. This appears to be just a random and coincidental
choice of the number 75 squadron that had just ceased to 'exist'
Flew several NZ Wellingtons with NZ letter codes (ie. NZ302) for
a short while but reverted to the RAF serials soon after. Squadron
letter code AA given from April 1940. Aircraft code JN given for
C Flight aircraft at Mepal (Lancasters).
Wellington 1, July 1939 to April 1940.
Wellington 1/1A, April 1940 to Sep 1940.
Wellington 1C, Apri 1940 to Jan 1942.
Wellington III, Jan 1942 to Oct 1942.
Stirling 1, Oct 1942 to Aug 1943.
Stirling III, Feb 1943 to April 1944.
Lancaster 1, III, Mar 1944 to Oct 1945. (VE).
Lincoln II, Sep 1945 to Oct 1945. (Tiger Force).
Moved from Feltwell to Mildenhall 15 August 1940.
Moved from Mildenhall to Newmarket, 1 November 1942.
Moved from Newmarket to Mepal, 28 June 1943.
Moved from Mepal to Spilsby, 21 July 1945.
Disbanded 15 October 1945. (VJ).
A new Squadron badge was designed by WGDR V. Mitchell, RAF, FLTLT
J. Manson, RAF and FLTLT F. Chunn, RNZAF at Sefton Lodge, near RAF
Newmarket in October 1942. Approved by H.M. the King in April 1943.
Features a standard RAF badge with a Tiki over the two mining hammers
of the NZ Coat of Arms. The maori motto "Ake Ake Kia Kaha" = "Forever
Strong". The wording (NEW ZEALAND) SQUADRON is used in the upper
part of the badge. ROYAL AIR FORCE in the lower.
Bar to DFC 5
SORTIES 8150 on 739 OPERATIONS.
HOURS FLOWN 41,247
BOMBS 21,630 TONS
AIRCRAFT DESTROYED 60+
LOST AIRCRAFT 193
ROLL OF HONOUR: PERSONNEL LOSSES.
11 October 1946
Due to the wartime achievements and records of 75 (NZ) SQN RAF,
the British Air Ministry consented to the squadron number being
given to the RNZAF to commemorate its remarkable work during the
war. A 75 SQN would no longer be used or part of the RAF. This
gesture has not been afforded to any other commonwealth country.
RNZAF No. 2 (Bomber Recon) Squadron based at Ohakea, ceased flying
Venturas, and became No. 75 SQN RNZAF and prepared to receive new
Mosquitos from Australia and England.
Official squadron badge remained in the RAF format, but with Fern
leaves in place of Oak leaves about the circumference. The wording
ROYAL AIR FORCE, was replaced with ROYAL NEW ZEALAND AIR FORCE,
and (NEW ZEALAND) SQUADRON replaced with SQUADRON. The Tudor crown
and maori motto in the scroll remained. This is a unique example
in any air force to have an RAF formatted badge in a commonwealth
countries air force.
On the coronation of Queen Elizabeth in 1953, the badge crown was
changed from the Tudor crown to the St Edwards crown. Therefore
the Squadron has had three different styles of the badge.
Mosquito, Mk6/43, Jan 1947 to April 1952.
Vampire, FB5/T11, May1952 to Mar 1958; Apr1962 to Dec 1969.
Canberra, B2/T4, JUL 1958 from SINGAPORE to JAN1962.
Canberra, B(I)12/T13, APR 1962 to OCT 1963.
A4K Skyhawk, May1970 to 13DEC 2001.
75 SQN RNZAF, Disbanded 13Dec2001, by Prime Minister Clark of Labour
Government citing too expensive and never used, therefore not required.
A decision widely condemned by many that changed the whole direction
and shape of the RNZAF.
The first Squadron Standard hangs in the Wellington Cathedral next
to Parliament Buildings, and the second Squadron standard hangs
in the St Marks Chapel on Base Ohakea.
I was one of the Standard SGTS at the disbandment day parade in
2001. We are still bitter about how/why we were closed down!
Refer "Forever Strong" by Norman Franks.
Hoping this helps with getting your website information up to date
Secretary / Treasurer
75 Squadron Association NZ
3 Pain Street
Mob: 021 732835
|75 (NZ) Sqn website
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