Torpedo Bomber Squadron [(Swordfish) Squadron] Royal Canadian Air
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Updated: 15 Jul 04
Formed: 20 Aug 1941
Disbanded: 15 May 1945
Squadron was based at:
RAF St Eval :: Apr 1942 - May 1942
RAF Thorney Island :: 20 Aug 1941 - Apr 1942; May 1942 - Jun 1942; Jun 1942 -
RAF North Coates :: Jun 1942 - Aug 1942; Nov 1943 - May 1944 (detachment)
RAF Wick :: Aug 1942 - Sep 1942
RAF Leuchars :: Sep 1942 - Nov 1942
Squadron code: GX, NH
Beaufort I :: Sep 1941 - Feb 1942
Hampden :: Jan 1942 - Nov 1943
Wellington MkXIII :: Sep 1943 - Jul 1944
Albacore I :: Oct 1943 - Jul 1944
Halifax MkIII/VII :: Jul 1944 - May 1945
415 Sqn RCAF formed at Thorney Island on 20 Aug 1941. It served with Coastal Command in the torpedo bomber role until summer 1944. It was equipped with Hampden until Nov 1943 and operated in this role from RAF Thorney Island, RAF St Eval, RAF North Coates, RAF Wick and RAF Leuchars.
In Oct 1943 the squadron re-equipped with Wellington and Albacore and moved to RAF Birch Newton, specialising in the hunt for E- and R-boats. Later it flew night patrols in the English Channel in the run up to Op OVERLORD. On D-Day 415 Sqn lay smoke screens. In Jul 1944 with No 6 (RCAF) Group of Bomber Command stood up, the Sqn was transfered on to RCAF East Moor to rerole as a Halifax heavy-bomber sqn. It flew a total 104 missions in 9 months with 6 Gp on Halifax Mk III and Halifax Mk VII. The squadron was disbanded May 1945.
415 Torpedo Bomber Sqn RCAF flew exclusively from British airfields during its 4-year initial formation in the Second World War and was the RCAF's only torpedo sqn. It subsequently reformed on 1 May 1961 as 415 Maritime Patrol Squadron at RCAF Station Summerside, moving to CFB Greenwood on 1 Jul 1981 where it remains today.
415 Sqn page on Canadian Defence website415 Sqn RCAF on RCAF.com
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